Gangnam Jaw Dental

Gangnam Jaw Dental (Seoul, Korea)
 Dr. Jinhaeng Lee (Board Certified Orthodontist) at Gangnam jaw dental office.
   Saimdang-ro 180 Bowon Building, Seocho-gu, 2nd floor, Korea at Gangnam jaw dental office

 Inventor of MCB technique and MCB splint.


    2021                   Marquis Who's Who in the World.
    2020                   Marquis Who's Who in the World.
    2020                   Wynn Who's Who in the World
    2019                   Marquis Who's Who Top Doctor
    2017/2018         Marquis Who’s Who in the World
    2017/2018         Albert Nelson Marquis Lifetime Achievement Award.
    2018                    Industry leader with Marquis Who’s Who Top Professional Series.

Asymmetric skeletal movement of the head bone causes problems in the circulation and control of the nerves and blood. The shoulder narrows forward and rises to one side and continues to twist backwards.

This movement depends on the degree of distortion. The pelvis and feet will also experience movement that will take place throughout the body, including organs. This twisting movement can tell the speed of the direction of movement by palpation.

If you maintain a bad posture, you will experience a faster twist.

Is there a way to fix this movement?

If you put the lower jaw position in a certain position, the twisted head bones, shoulders, pelvis, feet, organs in the body will move into the unbroken position, which you can see as palpation.

A splint created at a specific location on the lower jaw is MCB (Mandibular Cranial Balancing).

The more the wrong body is straight, the more the power of the whole body increases and the less tired it becomes.

As soon as you put on a MCB splint, applied a specific location of your lower jaw, you can feel strong and balanced brain blood circulation. MCB splint can immediately correct muscle distortion promptly after you put it on. We are holding a seminar about MCB splint explicated above. For Parkinson's patients, the tremor of hands stops immediately after wearing the MCB Splint and can touch fingers which was previously untouchable.

  MCB(mandibular cranial balancing) world seminar.

 For orthodontic treatment, splints, and all dental treatments, the 3D position of the lower jaw is only one position. In this position, the movement of the cranial bones is normalized so that the cranial and whole body are gradually shifted correctly, allowing patients to enjoy a healthy life. How is your patient's current lower jaw position? This position must be found by direct palpation of the patient This is an important turning point in any dental treatment.

If you want to participate, please acquire to 

Mandibular Cranial Balancing(MCB) Technique?

  MCB technique is a method to make a series of MCB splint.

MCB splint?
  a device made in the best position on the lower jaw for the  balanced cranial
   movement(only one position exists).


    Cranial Osteopathy by MCB Splint.
     effective  for both physiological  and non-physiological strain pattern. 
    Balanced and bilateral amplified movement(cranial and whole body) by MCB splint.
    PRM(Primary Respiratory Mechanism) enhancement by MCB splint.

    Natural Self-correcting Mechanism of PRM by MCB splint.

    Improve circulation by MCB splint.

    Improve oxygenation by MCB splint.

    Boost immune system by MCB splint . 

    Neurologic reorganization by MCB splint.

    Motor Nerve disorder by MCB splint
      (Pyramidal tract./ Extrapyramidal tract).

    Strengthen the voluntary muscle.

    Body does not collapse any more by MCB splint. 

    Realine the shoulder and pelvic bone by MCB splint.

    TMJ treatment by MCB splint(reorient tmj appratus).

    Nonsurgical Facial Asymmetry treatment(balanced face even in the banana-shaped face)
        by MCB splint
 +ALF(Advanced Lightwire Functioals) /MARPE


Doctors who cannot palpate the skull do not know at all whether the patient has yaw and do orthodontic treatment to align only the center of the lower tooth with the center of the upper tooth. The important thing is to center the upper jaw with the center of the skull, center the lower jaw, and center the teeth. Only the patient himself has to live his life with discomfort. Orthodontists, don't just look at teeth to treat, you need to know and treat the condition of the skull so your patient won't suffer for a lifetime. Orthodontists have to study cranial osteopathy!!
The criterion for developing the upper jaw forward is the position of the lower jaw. In other words, the standard for developing the maxilla forward is to place the lower jaw in a position that does not alter the movement of the temporal bone and place the maxilla in harmony with it.
The same applies to the current MARPE treatment. I classify orthodontists into two categories.
The first is a doctor who knows the three-dimensional roll/yaw/pitch of the upper jaw (sphenoid bone) before treatment, and studies osteopathic medicine that treats these distortions in the direction of treatment by some dental treatment.
The second doctor is a doctor who does not know the distortion of the maxilla and just treats it. If the lower jaw is in the wrong position and bites and gives strength every time you chew, the patient's skull (brain) will change over time. Patients, you have to study hard to live healthy forever!!


Why MCB splint is needed for orthodontic treatment.

1. It protects teeth and jaw joint from clenching or bruxism at bedtime (MCB/L)
2. It stimulates good movement and motility of the skull even at bedtime, because the whole body is relaxed by reducing harmful stimuli so that you can take a deep sleep. (MCB/L)
3. It is a device used at bedtime and during the day and it increases the movement and motility of the skull, enabling rapid treatment of the bodily symptoms.
4. When using MARPE, it increases the mobility of the skull and enables the bilateral expansion of the maxilla. Therefore, asymmetric facial treatment can be performed.
5. When using MARPE, it is easy to move to the front of the maxilla by increasing the mobility of the skull.
6. When using MARPE, it is easy to correct the roll yaw of the maxilla by increasing the mobility of the skull.
7. When two jaw surgery is required, it can be used in conjunction with MARPE/ALF to simplify double jaw surgery by securing a balanced position for non-operative areas such as sphenoid bone, temporal bone, occipital bone, parietal bone, frontal bone, cheekbones, etc.
8. It reduces working and balancing interference by aligning the left and right centers of the upper and lower jaws and teeth.
9. It reduces protrusion interference by aligning the center of the upper and lower jaw and the anteroposterior center of the teeth.
10. By aligning the upper and lower jaw and the left and right centers of the teeth, the occlusal force can be transmitted to the long axis of the teeth in the molar area.
11. Orthodontic treatment is a means of holistic treatment to treat the whole body out of the aesthetic tooth arrangement.
12. Orthodontic treatment can improve brain function.
13. It helps maintain a younger-looking face by reducing facial wrinkles and increasing skin elasticity during orthodontic treatment.
14. It is possible to change the position of the temporal bone and the lower jaw so that the fundamental jaw joint treatment is possible.
15. Orthodontic treatment can treat internal organ problems caused by brain nerve problems due to changes in normal motility of the skull.
16. After the end of orthodontic treatment, the skull can be occluded in the three-dimensional position of the lower jaw that normalizes the skull, so every time the teeth are occluded, the skull bones show good movement.
17. It prolongs one’s lifespan by normalizing the vagus nerve of the person working with the head bent (ex. dentist).
18. During orthodontic treatment, it is possible to prevent the phenomenon of the twist of the sphenoid bone, the upper and lower jaw, and if a twist occurred in the previous orthodontic treatment, it can be restored to the previous one.
19. Orthodontists become TOP DOCTOR because they can treat systemic problems such as dystonia, scoliosis, neuralgia, twisted body posture, allergies, and autonomic nervous system dysfunction.


The way humans live healthily is through the bones of the skull to improve movement. Isn't this the Bulloch(herb of eternal youth) that King Jinshi(Qin Shi Huang) looking for?
What’s the root cause of
Dystonia Torticollis Tremor Scoliosis Brain fog TMJD Neuralgia
Tic Tourette Neurological disorder Headache Whole body pain……
is not a neck(cervical vertebra)
It's just a branch of one dura mater.
is a brain problem.
The MCB splint improves the movement of the skull, allowing bilateral and balanced movements of both sides. This will relieve tension in the dura mater and can heal problems with nerves in the brain.
When your skull is moving in a balanced way, you can feel the body temperature dropping in the upper part of your head with the back of your hand. This is because the blood circulation in the skull is improved. It promotes the supraorbital artery and supratrochlear artery, and you can feel a stronger, more powerful beat than before.
When the MCB splint is created in a three-dimensional position where the skull movement improves, the twisted skull begins to move in the non-twisted direction, turning into a movement that only expands and contracts. If the lower jaw is twisted to the left, the entire temporal bone moves to the right (and vice versa)), if the lower jaw is protruded, the temporal bone moves backward, and if the lower jaw is moved backward, the temporal bone moves forward. . At the same time, the shoulder, pelvis, spine and internal organs also move in a non-twisted direction.
The first level of MCB splint treatment is that after the device's treatment time (10 minutes), the skull no longer expands and contracts and the skull becomes a little less distorted than before. In this case, when the device is worn, it moves better than when the device is not worn. However, because the distorted skull doesn't move to a good position, we have to build a new device.
The second level of MCB splint treatment is that the movement of the occipital bone shows better movement when the device is worn after the treatment time (10 minutes) has passed. However, in the occipital bone, twisting movements and good movements are repeated.
In MCB splint treatment, the third level is that when the device is worn after the treatment time (10 minutes) has passed, the movement of the occipital bone is no longer distorted, and only good movements appear.
In MCB splint treatment, the fourth level of MCB splint treatment, the treatment time of the device lasts 1 hour.
In MCB splint treatment, the ?th level shows only dilation and contraction, unlike previous movements of the sphenoid temporal bone occipital bone when the device is worn after the treatment time (1 hour) of the device has passed.
I feel that MCB treatment is a necessary treatment not only for people with diseases but also for those who think they are healthy.



Most people's faces are asymmetrical. If there is asymmetry, the movement of the skull bone is distorted. If the position of the lower jaw is misaligned and a force is applied every time it touches, the asymmetry will gradually worsen as time goes on, and at the same time, the body will also be distorted. During orthodontic treatment, this misalignment is more likely to be misaligned. During orthodontic treatment, if you do not know the deviation of the PITCH YAW ROLL of the maxilla and do not treat it in the direction of improvement, it will move better in the wrong direction so that it may be misaligned during treatment. So orthodontists should study osteopathy. MCB SPLINT SEMINAR helps orthodontists treat these problems a lot. #mcbsplint

Why does my body change over time?
Back at the beginning of the twentieth century, orthopedist Robert Lovett described in his works the relationship in the human skeletal structure in the S shape and in the # shape, in which the occipital bone correlates with the thoracic spine (T1-5), lumbar and sacrum, and the temporal bones correlate with cervical spine (C1-6), shoulder blades, ribs, thoracic spine (T6-12) and pelvic bones. Therefore, any change in the spatial position of the occipital bone leads to changes in the position of the upper thoracic and lumbar spine and sacrum (however, there is also reverse connection), and the asymmetric rotation of the temporal bones in the skull will always occur simultaneously with the asymmetric rotation of the pelvic (iliac) bones, i.e. synchronously, but in a mirror image, as well as changes in the cervical and lower thoracic spine.
Dr. Jinhaeng Lee first posted on Facebook on September 5, 2020 how the three-dimensional position of the lower jaw relates to the skull.
I found that the related bone distortion coincided with the distorted direction of the sphenoid temporal occipital bone, and when the MCB splint was worn, it was confirmed by the palpation of the finger that the direction was changed in the opposite direction.
If someone has symptoms such as a distorted body, pain, lack of strength, or tremor etc, I recommend that you first be diagnosed with a osteopathic doctor(D.O). If the osteopathic doctor says your symptoms get worse when you touch your teeth, those symptoms can be treated a splint(MCB splint) that places the lower jaw in a position where the head bone gets better and osteopathy.


Facial bone classification.
Anyone who practices osteopathy develops the sense of the fingers. When you do osteopathy, you can get various information through the senses of your fingers on the body part. In the case of the skull, you can see what the major distortions of the face are currently and how much change is caused by any treatment. This will change depending on the force applied during ALF, MARPE or orthodontic treatment. This information is important biometric information that cannot be obtained through CT or MRI.
This is the classification I think based on the distortion of the facial bones.
N (Normal type) Everything is in a normal state.
A(Asymmetric type) Mainly, the face becomes asymmetric. The cause is the twisting of the sphenoid temporal bone, which causes the maxilla and mandible to twist.
R(Retraction type/ Angle C2) The upper jaw rotates backward by the posterior rotation of the sphenoid bone, and the mandible rotates more backward by the posterior rotation of the temporal bone. The change of the occlusal plane also changes steeply.
A and R are similar to each other, but are determined primarily by the direction of twisting of the sphenoid and temporal bones.
P(Prognathic type/ Angle C3) The maxillary is rotated backward by the posterior rotation of the sphenoid bone, and the mandible is moved forward by the anterior rotation of the temporal bone. The occlusal plane turns flat.
As soon as I put on the MCB splint made in the position where the movement of the sphenoid temporal bone occipital bone improves, I can feel the movement in the opposite direction twisted by the palpation of the finger. So, if you put on the MCB splint and apply force in the opposite direction, the movement increases and the distortion gradually decreases. This change occurs in the whole body, and similarly, when exercise or force is applied in the direction of improvement, the body no longer twists in the twisting direction.


How to treat maxillary canting?
Should the lowered area be treated with an orthodontic screw to lift it up? The tilt of the maxilla is caused by the twisting of the sphenoid bone. In other words, the side where the sphenoid bone descends also descends the maxilla (A). If you come down at the same time like this, you can put the lower side up. However, even if a lot of force is applied to the lowered part, the sphenoid bone does not move and the teeth move mainly. This is because the sphenoid bone moves well in the twisting direction but does not move in the opposite direction.
However, contrary to the inclination of the maxilla, the sphenoid bone may be distorted (B). In this case, if an upward force is applied to the lowered part, the sphenoid bone moves well in the wrong direction, so it moves well. In other words, the sphenoid bone is played even more. The occlusal slope of the maxilla has been treated, but the sphenoid bone is further twisted. In other words, if you do not know the distortion of the sphenoid bone and treat the maxillary inclination, the skull may become more twisted.
For maxillary occlusal canting treatment, while using MARPE to increase the movement of the skull, use the MCB splint at the same time to determine the distorted state of the sphenoid bone, and then treat the distortion of the sphenoid bone. You have to make the cranial movement better.
So, orthodontists must study osteopathy for their patients and themselves.

For maxillary occlusal canting treatment, while using MARPE to increase the movement of the skull, use the MCB splint at the same time to determine the distorted state of the sphenoid bone, and then treat the distortion of the sphenoid bone.

The treatment mechanisms of A and B are treated by completely different treatment mechanisms.
In case A, the sphenoid bone moves in the same direction as the maxilla. In other words, the inclination of the maxillary jaw is treated only when the sphenoid bone moves. If the sphenoid bone does not move, only the teeth will move.
However, in the case of B, the cause of the distortion is completely different from that of A. In other words, it does not follow the motion of the sphenoid bone, but moves in the opposite direction to be treated. This movement can be felt by finger palpation when wearing the MCB splint, the sphenoid bone and the maxilla move in the same direction in A, but in the opposite direction in B. In other words, this movement is possible only when the movement of the skull is increased by wearing the MCB splint.

Even if the teeth are level, the skull bone does not move normally (C).
Even if the teeth fit well, the movement of the skull does not improve (C).

 The movement of the temporal and occipital bones as well as the sphenoid bone should be improved.

Therefore, orthodontists should study osteopathy. This is because the force exerted by the teeth affects the skull.

If you treat the occlusal slope of the maxilla without knowing the condition of the sphenoid bone, you may live with many problems after corrective treatment.


Does your splint move your skull and whole body?

What is the root cause of the jaw joint problem?
That"s because the temporal bone, disc, lower jaw is distorted.
In order to improve the jaw joint, the temporal bone and disc should move in a good direction when wearing a splint.

The temporal bone moves downward on the right side, both sides move to the left, and backwards. This movement causes the associated bones to move in the same direction.
For example, the pelvic bone usually has a lower left side when lying down, but if the temporal bone is rotated to the right by wearing a splint, not only the lower jaw is moved to the right, but the right side, where the pelvic bone is also high, can be palpated to lower.
If it doesn't move, that splint won't cure you!
Then is it possible to move only the temporal bone?
In order for the temporal bone to move, all the bones around it must move at the same time in order to move the temporal bone.
So is this possible?
 It is possible by making a splint after accurately finding the 3D position of the lower jaw.
However, to make this splint, it's only possible for someone who can palpate the movement of the skull.
If you wear the splint made in this way, you can feel the movement of not only the skull but also the twisted whole body with the palpation of the fingers.
In other words, you can correct the twist body as well as the twisted head bone and these things are caused by changes in the nerves. #강남턱치과


※. There are three types of MCB splint.
 The first one is a disposable splint used for 10 minutes and is used in MCB technique. (B) The device duration is 10 minutes until the MCB splint 130 session. After that, it will create a new device after 1 hour.

 The second one is a splint when sleeping.(A)


 The third one is worn when sleeping or exercising , and it does not change and should be worn within 8hours.(Patent in Progress)

Korea, Japan(Patent) / USA, European Union, China (Patent in progress)


Amit Alok Pandey
Thanks for sharing.
Does this splint recapture the displaced TMJ discs? Thanks again !
· Reply · 23w
Jinhaeng Lee
As the disc is recaptured, the bones of the condyle of the lower jaw are created and appear white on the X-ray.
· Reply · 22w
Amit Alok Pandey
Jinhaeng Lee yes very true. The whole challenge is in recapturing the discs.

Baker discovered increased distance of 0.0276” between the 2nd molars after osteopathic treatment.
(Baker EG. Alteration in width of maxillary arch and its relation to sutural movement of cranial bones. J Am Osteopath Assoc 1971; 70(6):559-564. )
Currently many dentists utilize resin for applying a splint, and they normally remove the splint when adjusting. However, adjustment(cut down) under the condition of an increased distance between the 2nd molars, as described by Baker, can increase the risk of impairment of skull mobility.
The effect of improving the skull and twisted whole body is less than that of MCB/H, but if the number of treatments is increased and maintained for about 8 hours without twisting, the effect is better than MCB/H because of the wearing time is longer. This is because the relationship between the condyle and the temporal bone of the lower jaw improves, and the thickness of the device will continue to remain unchanged once the device is stabilized.
The device duration is 10 minutes until the MCB splint 130 session. After that, it will create a new device after 1 hour.
It affects the movement of the entire skull and allows the twisted whole body to move in the correct position at the same time. Even if the MCB/L doesn't go wrong anymore, it continues to change at 1 hour intervals and needs to be remade. Treatment proceeds while lowering the height of MCB/H to the height of MCB/L.

It is a method that ordinary people who are not osteopathic doctors can feel, and those who have studied osteopathy a lot can feel all the cranial bones and movements of the whole body with finger palpation. This is how you know if you have a problem with your skull or jaw joint. Without touching your teeth, you feel the sensation of turning your fingers in contact with your eyes or jaw joint. Your jaw is in a distorted position if your teeth touch and your movement increases. If splint, ALF, MARPE, or Elastic are used or adjusted, the movement should be reduced or eliminated compared to the state without touching the teeth. When the MCB/H and MCB/L are not twisted, they do not rotate at all, and they only expand and contract, which are the natural movements of the skull. If there is a turning movement, the movement of the skull bone is wrong, and if so, the device is rebuilt in a new position.

What is autonomic dysfunction?
Autonomic dysfunction develops when the nerves of the ANS are damaged. This condition is called autonomic neuropathy or dysautonomia. Autonomic dysfunction can range from mild to life-threatening. It can affect part of the ANS or the entire ANS. Sometimes the conditions that cause problems are temporary and reversible. Others are chronic, or long-term, and may continue to worsen over time.
HRV = ANS & Stress
How is autonomic dysfunction treated?
*TMJ splint((mcb splint(When the mcb splint is installed, the HRV changes immediately))
*elevating the head of your bed
*drinking enough fluids
*adding salt to your diet
*wearing compression stockings to prevent blood pooling in your legs
*changing positions slowly
*taking medications like midodrine
Nerve damage is difficult to cure. Physical therapy, walking aids, feeding tubes, and other methods may be necessary to help treat more severe nerve involvement.


♡MCB SPLINT (2021.06.09)
    Treatment costs may increase in the future.

 The device duration is 10 minutes until the MCB splint 130 session. After that, it will create a new device after 1 hour.

(disposable/ once you make it, the time to wear it is 10 minutes and you have to make it again after 10 minutes)

⓵ The diagnosis fee is $200 and includes 1 time MCB splint.
⓶ 1 time -   $100
30 times -    $2,700 (Expiration date/1month)
50 times -    $4,000 (Expiration date/2month)

If you stop after selecting more than one treatment fee, the cost will be calculated as a one-time fee.

⓷ Electric stimulation treatment can be done once a day at no cost.
⓸ MCB Splint(customize/need upper and lower model/It takes two weeks to make.
 soft type     $600

⓹ Only one person per day for intensive care(10:a.m to 6:pm)
(lunch time: 1-2 p.m.)

♡ Skull Asymmetry Treatment.(Asymmetric, Prognathic, Retracted Jaw)   
 1) $22,600(U S Dollars)    Treatment costs may increase in the future.
 (Total treatment time/9months/Orthodontic treatment fees are not included.

Upper arch / MARPE(miniscrew assisted rapid palatal expansion)
+Lower arch / ALF(advanced lightwire functional) with pivot.
+Face mask.

+MCB splint/customize
+400 times MCB splint(Expiration date/8 months) 
  The device duration is 10 minutes until the MCB splint 130 session. After that, it will create a new device after 1 hour.
To make a 400 session mcb splint
If the effect of the device is 10 minutes, it takes 8.7 days to treat 15 sessions per day (there should be 5 hours of treatment time in the hospital).
After 130 sessions, the effect of the device lasts for 1 hour, so if you treat it 5 times a day (there should be 6 hours of treatment time in the hospital), it takes 54 days to do the remaining 270 sessions.
If you follow the above schedule, you must receive mcb treatment at the hospital for at least 70-80 days and adjust your schedule.

 Recommended Face Mask   " the CRANE"
 (We recommend that you buy the size that suits you.)

2) $28,600(U S Dollars)
To do orthodontic treatment(Damon bracket/metal) together, a total treatment period of about 2 years is required and the total cost is $28,000.
Upper arch / MARPE(miniscrew assisted rapid palatal expansion)

+Lower arch / ALF(advanced lightwire functional) with pivot.

+Damon bracket/metal

+MCB splint/customize

+Face mask.

+400 times MCB splint(Expiration date/8 months)
The device duration is 10 minutes until the MCB splint 130 session. After that, it will create a new device after 1 hour.


Counseling for orthodontic treatment(splint), which has been provided free of charge, is now being converted to video calls for a fee.
Write down all of your uncomfortable symptoms.
Following photos to be sent 7 days in advance (
1. All x-ray images(CT/dcm file)
2. Dental photos
1) Frontal dental view touching with labial frenum exposure
* if you have a splint, add a picture of you wearing it.
2) Side(overjet) view
* if you have a splint, add a picture of you wearing it.
3) Occlusal view of maxilla and mandibular arch
3. Facial Photos
1) Frontal view with showing both ears
2) Side view with showing full ear
4. Full body photos (with light clothes on)
1) Front and rear view with the same position of both feet
2) Side view
5. Bare feet photo
1) Front view
2) Rear view
Please send the above photos 7 days in advance and pay US $200 with Paypal (
Let us know your deposit, and we will start diagnosing it. Diagnosis results are sent by e-mail, and video calls are made about 20 minutes on the scheduled date.
(There is an English interpreter, and the cost varies in other languages.)
The CT image below shows the current state of occlusion. It is necessary to find the three-dimensional position of the lower jaw that normalizes the movement of the skull and perform orthodontic treatment.


The reason my face keeps changing

Most people have asymmetry in their skulls. If the lower jaw is in a distorted position, the asymmetry becomes more and more distorted as time passes without treatment. This is because the twisted lower jaw gives strength to the skull. In other words, even without treatment, the bones of the skull deteriorate over time. The reasons are as follows: If the left and right positions of the lower jaw are twisted, the sphenoid bone that has already been twisted is further twisted. If the anteroposterior position of the lower jaw is misaligned, the temporal bone is twisted further. If the height of the lower jaw is not correct, the twisted occipital bone is further twisted. When the dentist moves or makes changes to the teeth for treatment, it starts to twist faster than the natural speed. Particularly with MARPE (miniscrew-assisted rapid palatal expansion), all parts of the skull bone move better and begin to twist faster. Even with ALF treatment, it goes wrong. The way to prevent twisting is to improve the movement of the skull by performing osteopathy. However, if the position of the lower jaw is in a position that twists the skull, it cannot be prevented from twisting. That's because every time a tooth touches, a twisting force is applied to the skull. In this case, the MCB splint, which places the lower jaw in a three-dimensional position that normalizes the movement of the skull, prevents twisting and induces normal movement, so that the skull and the whole body are properly aligned by the self-healing mechanism. In other words, when performing the orthodontic treatment, it is necessary to always consider the three-dimensional position of the lower jaw. That is why orthodontists should study osteopathy.
Jose Ortega, one more question, but since the maxilla is articulated with other bones that belong to the skull, the expansion of this will not bring greater torsion in the adjacent bones? Or would it be necessary to perform a previous maxillary surgical expansion to possibly avoid any possible torsion?
Jinhaeng Lee MARPE should be used to expand the maxilla to significantly increase overall skull motility. However, the overall mobility does not increase, resulting in distortion and an increase in asymmetry. However, if you wear an MCB splint made in a position that causes good movement of the sphenoid bone, temporal bone, and occipital bone of the skull and performs a MOBILITY TEST that examines the movement of the maxillary bone, sphenoid bone, and occipital bone, you can see that it moves well in a three-dimensional direction. Everything that I announce is a presentation that I feel directly with palpating.


 Extraction Orthodontics Reversal

The root cause of vocal cord paralysis is an upper cervical vertebra.

(C1/Occipital bone C2/Mandible /// Vagus nerve)
treated by MCB splint.
Signs and symptoms of vocal cord paralysis may include:
(Mayo Clinic)
A breathy quality to the voice
Noisy breathing
Loss of vocal pitch
Choking or coughing while swallowing food, drink or saliva
The need to take frequent breaths while speaking
Inability to speak loudly
Loss of your gag reflex
Ineffective coughing
Frequent throat clearing
In vocal cord paralysis, the nerve impulses to your voice box (larynx) are disrupted, resulting in paralysis of the muscle. Doctors often don't know the cause of vocal cord paralysis. Known causes may include:
Injury to the vocal cord during surgery. Surgery on or near your neck or upper chest can result in damage to the nerves that serve your voice box. Surgeries that carry a risk of damage include surgeries to the thyroid or parathyroid glands, esophagus, neck, and chest.
Neck or chest injury. Trauma to your neck or chest may injure the nerves that serve your vocal cords or the voice box itself.
Stroke. A stroke interrupts blood flow in your brain and may damage the part of your brain that sends messages to the voice box.
Tumors. Tumors, both cancerous and noncancerous, can grow in or around the muscles, cartilage or nerves controlling the function of your voice box and can cause vocal cord paralysis.
Infections. Some infections, such as Lyme disease, Epstein-Barr virus and herpes, can cause inflammation and directly damage the nerves in the larynx.
Neurological conditions. If you have certain neurological conditions, such as multiple sclerosis or Parkinson's disease, you may experience vocal cord paralysis.
Breathing problems associated with vocal cord paralysis may be so mild that you just have a hoarse-sounding voice, or they can be so serious that they're life-threatening.
Because vocal cord paralysis keeps the opening to the airway from completely opening or closing, other complications may include choking on or actually inhaling (aspirating) food or liquid. Aspiration that leads to severe pneumonia is rare but serious and requires immediate medical care


Kheng Hong Lau
If the mandible is asymmetry skeletally ie with one body or ramus longer than the other side, can we still align the mandible according to the idea of centrality, disregarding the position condylar head in the fossa? May i ask?


Jinhaeng Lee
Most people think that the difference between the left and right lengths of the jaw is different, but only if both lengths are the same, asymmetry is cured. If the skull is made of one bone, it will have to be adjusted by surgery. However, there are 22 skull bones, and the skull moves as if breathing, and while sleeping so that the body can function normally, it moves more actively. You cannot change the size or shape of each skull, but the position of the bones is constantly changing, so the face becomes more distorted. If you have a habit of sleeping on one side for a long time, you can think of asymmetry. The asymmetric prognathic retracting jaw treatment can be repositioned by using a method that increases the movement of the skull. The way to increase movement is to expand the maxilla and mandible.

When the maxilla is expanded using ALF, the teeth are slowly stretched, so even after 3 years of expansion, the amount of expansion or the movement of the skull does not increase much. So these days, MARPE is used for rapid expansion treatment to open the bone itself of the maxilla. Many connections in the skull are looser than before, so there is a lot of increased movement. In 2 months, you can expand as much as you want. But there is a problem. Most of the time there is asymmetry, so it will play faster and more than the amount that will be distorted with ALF or orthodontic treatment. So, if you expand using only MARPE/Rapid Expansion, it will twist the skull in 3D in a direction that is easy to move.

The way to prevent this is to do osteopathy treatment that increases the movement of the skull even further, and the movement occurs in the direction that it did not move. You need to do a lot of osteopathy treatment and see an osteopath who increases the movement of all 22 bones.

The MCB splint therapy is a way to increase the movement of the skull. If the lower jaw is in a distorted position, the skull will be twisted in three dimensions. However, a good left and right position of the lower jaw increases the movement of the sphenoid bone, and a good anteroposterior position of the lower jaw increases the movement of the temporal bone. A good height increases the movement of the occipital bone, so if it is used with MARPE, it can move in a non-moving direction, so asymmetry is treated. You can tell by the palpation of your fingers. At this time, if you use FACE MASK together, you can treat asymmetrical prognathic or retracting more quickly.

Changes in the movement of the skull after inoculation with the AZ vaccine.
First day.
My current skull movement shows the movements of our hospital patients wearing MCB/H. This movement is a state where flexion and extension movements appear quietly and slowly without distortion. I received the AZ corona vaccine on April 26, 2021 at 9:30 am. After that, there was no symptom of the skull movement until 6 pm, but as time passed, the skull started to twist. It was a symptom similar to the movement seen in patients with severe torticollis who was unable to control her head in the past. It's surprising. For me, this was the first time I had experienced this movement of my skull, so I was embarrassed. By 7:30 p.m., it was possible to promote the occurrence of the peak distortion. The movement around the pupils moved very badly, and I could feel the dazzling of the lights for the first time while driving when I left work. However, after 8 PM, the movement of the skull started to improve. And similar to usual, I went to sleep with MCB/L at 10:30 pm.
Second day
I couldn't get a deep sleep unlike usual. However, in the morning, the movement of the skull was as quiet as usual, and there were no other symptoms. However, around 6 pm, my skull was slightly twisted and I experienced a slight pain in the right sphenoid bone that lasted for about 30 minutes.
3rd day
I had a deep sleep as usual. The movement of my skull is as quiet as usual. Today is the day when the dental hospital is open until 9 pm. There was no problem with working. So I forgot to get vaccinated, drank a little hennessy in a glass of beer and slept.
4th day
Today is a day off for the dental hospital. My current state is the everyday serenity itself.

I became a journal editor.

Thank you Dr. Gerald H. Smith
My respected Master.
The MCB Splint comes from your teaching.

Dr. Smith's return to Korea was an over whelming success. Dr. Smith presented a two day seminar to an enthusiastic group of his previous students. On completion of the seminar, he reflected, "It was heart warming to hear that my concepts were being applied specially from the success stories from my students. As James Taylor said, 'The secret of life is enjoying the passage of time.' My 18 hours of travel time was worth every minute."

MARPE(miniscrew-assisted rapid palatal expander)

nasal airway expansion(1-1A) and condyle density and shape(2-2A)

nasal airway(3-3A) and canting(4-4A) change

Only expansion!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!



1. control expansion rate.

2. oneside screwing up.

3. Facial mask/ palpating sphenid bone, temporal bone and occipital bone.

4. Pivot splint / palpating sphenid bone, temporal bone and occipital bone.

5. MCB splint/ customize.

6. MCB splint/ disposable.


 disposable MCB splint  only 10 times

 MCB treatment 

1. cranial shape
2. Condyle assembly movement(angulation) and improvement of mandible asymmetry
3. Facial outline change and temperature of skull (below)


J Appl Oral Sci
. Sep-Oct 2012;20(5):526-30. doi: 10.1590/s1678-77572012000500006.

Histomorphometric Analysis of the Temporal Bone After Change of Direction of Force Vector of Mandible: An Experimental Study in Rabbits
Edela Puricelli 1, Deise Ponzoni, Jéssica Cerioli Munaretto, Adriana Corsetti, Mauro Gomes Trein Leite
Affiliations expand
PMID: 23138738 PMCID: PMC3881785 DOI: 10.1590/s1678-77572012000500006
Free PMC article
Objectives: The present study aimed at performing a histological evaluation of the response of temporal bone tissue to a change of direction of the force vector of the mandible in relation to the base of the skull.

Material and methods: Adult rabbits were assigned into four groups with two control and four experimental animals in each group. experimental animals underwent surgery, which resulted in a change of direction of the force vector on the right temporomandibular joint. Samples were collected after 15, 30, 60 and 90 days for histological analysis.

Results: In the two-way analysis of variance, the effect of group and time was statistically significant (p<0.001). Additionally, a statistically significant interaction between group and time was observed (p<0.001). Control animals showed normal growth and development of the temporal region. In the experimental group, the change in direction of the force vector of the mandible induced significant changes in the temporal bone, with a bone modeling process, which suggests growth of this cranial structure.

Conclusions: The methodology used in this experiment allows us to conclude that the change in direction of the force vector of the mandible in relation to the skull base induces remodeling and modeling processes in the temporal bone. The resumption of normal oral functions after bone healing of the mandibular fracture appears to increase cell activation in the remodeling and modeling of the temporal bone structure. The observation of areas of temporal bone modeling shows the relevance of further investigation on the correlation between the joint structures and craniofacial growth and development.


Following our Movement and Cognition conferences at Oxford University and at Harvard Medical School, we have the honor to invite you to the 2019 world conference on Movement and Cognition at Tel-Aviv University

Dear colleagues,

Following our Movement and Cognition conferences at Oxford University and at Harvard Medical School, we have the honor to invite you to the 2019 world conference on Movement and Cognitionat Tel-Aviv University.

The purpose of the conference is to share knowledge on the relation of human movement to cognitive function. Among the focus areas of the conference include applications for: Rehabilitation and therapeutics, sport, motor learning, brain-behavior relationships, gait and cognition, and dance. We are also focusing this time on female cognitive movement interaction, the aging brain and gerontology, treatment of traumatic brain injury, neonatal, infant and child development and ergonomics all in the context of movement and cognition.

The conference will be held on the campus of the University in the vibrant and fascinating city of Tel-Aviv between 22-24 July 2019. Besides the academic, scientific and clinical presentations, tours will also be available.

We welcome your participation in this conference. Should you, in addition, desire to present your research, unique technique or clinical experiences, kindly send us your abstract. This can be done by sending to the attention of the secretary of the scientific committee at: j***** The abstracts of the conference will be published in the Conference Proceedings as well as selected papers published in volume 9 of the journal Functional Neurology, Rehabilitation, and Ergonomics

Dr. Jin Haeng Lee, Interested in Giving a Speech at World Convention of Aesthetic Medicine?

The 1st Annual World Convention of Aesthetic Medicine-2019

Time: Oct 11-13, 2019

Place: Dalian, China

Dear Dr. Jin Haeng Lee,

This is Miranda. Hope this email finds you well.

On behalf of the Organizing Committee, it is our delight to extend to you this Invitation to 1st Annual World Convention of Aesthetic Medicine-2019 which is going to be held during October 11-13, 2019 at Dalian, China. We sincerely invite you to attend this convention and deliver a talk in Stream 17 Oral Dental Caring Room ! If you are interested in attending WCAM, please send the talk title to me at your earliest.

Bookmark your dates for Dental Conferences 2019

Dear Dr. Jin Haeng Lee�,


We, from Coalesce research Group& The University of Georgia would like to have your presence as a Speaker or Delegate at the "Global Summit on Dentistry and Integrated Medicine" to be held on October 16-18, 2019 at The University of Georgia, Tbilisi, Georgia giving your views on the Theme "Future Vision of Dental and Oral Health Care"

Keynote Speaker Invitation at Future Dentistry 2019

Dear Dr. Jin Haeng Lee,

Greetings from Future Dentistry 2019.

The purpose of this letter is to invite you with honor to become an Keynote Speaker / Delegate for the upcoming Conference 25th American Dental Research & Future Dentistry which will be held during June 14-15, 2019 at Montreal, Canada

Invitation to Speak at Prosthodontics 2019

Dear Dr. Jin Haeng Lee,
In April 8-9, 2019 Conference series LLC is hosting 4th International Conference on Prosthodontics & Restorative Dentistry (Prosthodontics 2019), which will take place in the beautiful city Toronto, Canada. Since you have such great achievements in the field of Dentistry, we are glad to welcome you as a Speaker.

Your Research will have Immediate Global Impact - Dental 2018

Dear Dr.Jin Haeng Lee,


We take great pleasure in inviting you to the World Congress on Dental and Oral Health Conference. The conference is being held at Vancouver, CANADA from March 29th- 31st, 2018.

We are glad to invite Delegates, Students, Speakers, Poster Presenters, Organizing Committee Members (OCM), Moderators, Young researchers and Doctoral researchers. For more details regarding the conference, please review the descriptions on the website. It includes all of the details on the conference topics, professional development sessions, branding and promotions that are planned for these three days. I hope that you will attend many of these sessions, which will provide you to meet with professionals in your field

Dr.Jin Haeng Lee, Your Acknowledgement required towards American Dental Congress 2017

American Dental Congress 2017
September 18-20, 2017 Philadelphia, USA
"Exploring the possibilities in shaping the future of dental and oral health"
Meet world leading Dental & Healthcare professionals from 50 Countries & 5 Continents

Dear Dr.Jin Haeng Lee,

The purpose of this letter is to welcome you, to be a speaker at the upcoming "26th American Dental Congress" on September 18-20, 2017 Philadelphia, USA a leading forum for Dentists, Healthcare Physicians, Scientists, University faculty, Primary Healthcare and Community care Specialists, Public Health Specialists, Healthcare professional, to provide the ideal environment to disseminate and gain current knowledge in the area of Dental and Oral Health.

Effectiveness of Osteopathic Manipulative Treatment Versus Osteopathy in the Cranial Field in Temporomandibular Disorders - A Pilot Study

Christina Gesslbauer 1, Nadja Vavti 1, Mohammad Keilani 1, Michael Mickel 1, Richard Crevenna 1
Affiliations expand
PMID: 28029069 DOI: 10.1080/09638288.2016.1269368
Purpose: Temporomandibular disorders are a common musculoskeletal condition causing severe pain, physical and psychological disability. The effect and evidence of osteopathic manipulative treatment and osteopathy in the cranial field is scarce and their use are controversial. The purpose of this pilot study was to evaluate the effectiveness of osteopathic manipulative treatment and osteopathy in the cranial field in temporomandibular disorders.

Methods: A randomized clinical trial in patients with temporomandibular disorders was performed. Forty female subjects with long-term temporomandibular disorders (>3 months) were included. At enrollment, subjects were randomly assigned into two groups: (1) osteopathic manipulative treatment group (20 female patients) and (2) osteopathy in the cranial field group (20 female patients). Examination was performed at baseline (E0) and at the end of the last treatment (E1), consisting of subjective pain intensity with the Visual Analog Scale, Helkimo Index and SF-36 Health Survey. Subjects had five treatments, once a week. 36 subjects completed the study (33.7 ± 10.3 y).

Results: Patients in both groups showed significant reduction in Visual Analog Scale score (osteopathic manipulative treatment group: p = 0.001; osteopathy in the cranial field group: p< 0.001), Helkimo Index (osteopathic manipulative treatment group: p = 0.02; osteopathy in the cranial field group: p = 0.003) and a significant improvement in the SF-36 Health Survey - subscale "Bodily Pain" (osteopathic manipulative treatment group: p = 0.04; osteopathy in the cranial field group: p = 0.007) after five treatments (E1). All subjects (n = 36) also showed significant improvements in the above named parameters after five treatments (E1): Visual Analog Scale score (p< 0.001), Helkimo Index (p< 0.001), SF-36 Health Survey - subscale "Bodily Pain" (p = 0.001). The differences between the two groups were not statistically significant for any of the three target parameters.

Conclusion: Both therapeutic modalities had similar clinical results. The findings of this pilot trial support the use of osteopathic manipulative treatment and osteopathy in the cranial field as an effective treatment modality in patients with temporomandibular disorders. The positive results in both treatment groups should encourage further research on osteopathic manipulative treatment and osteopathy in the cranial field and support the importance of an interdisciplinary collaboration in patients with temporomandibular disorders. Implications for rehabilitation Temporomandibular disorders are the second most prevalent musculoskeletal condition with a negative impact on physical and psychological factors. There are a variety of options to treat temporomandibular disorders. This pilot study demonstrates the reduction of pain, the improvement of temporomandibular joint dysfunction and the positive impact on quality of life after osteopathic manipulative treatment and osteopathy in the cranial field. Our findings support the use of osteopathic manipulative treatment and osteopathy in the cranial field and should encourage further research on osteopathic manipulative treatment and osteopathy in the cranial field in patients with temporomandibular disorders. Rehabilitation experts should consider osteopathic manipulative treatment and osteopathy in the cranial field as a beneficial treatment option for temporomandibular disorders.

Keywords: Temporomandibular joint; osteopathic medicine; pain; pain management.


Comparative Study Cranio
. 2010 Oct;28(4):266-73. doi: 10.1179/crn.2010.034.
Immediate Effect of the Resilient Splint Evaluated Using Surface Electromyography in Patients With TMD
André Luís Botelho 1, Bruno Caetano Silva, Flávio Henrique Umeda Gentil, Chiarella Sforza, Marco Antonio Moreira Rodrigues da Silva
Affiliations expand
PMID: 21032981 DOI: 10.1179/crn.2010.034
The aim of this study was to analyze the immediate effect of resilient splints through surface electromyography testing and to compare the findings with the electromyographic profiles of asymptomatic subjects. The participants were 30 subjects, 15 patients with TMD (TMD Group) and 15 healthy subjects (Control Group), classified according to Research Diagnostic Criteria (RDC/TMD) Axis I. A resilient occlusal splint was made for each patient in the TMD Group from two mm thick silicon to cover all teeth. The EMG examination was performed before and immediately after installing the splint. Three tests were performed as follows: 1. Maximum Voluntary Contraction (MVC) using cotton rolls (standards test); 2. MVC in maximal intercuspation position; and 3. MVC with the splint in position. The EMG signal was recorded for five seconds. EMG indices were calculated to assess muscle symmetry, jaw torque, and impact. There was a statistically significant difference when comparing the results among the study groups. The symmetry index values in the Control Group were higher than the TMD Initial Group and similar to the TMD Group after the installation of the splint. The index values of torque were higher in TMD Initial Group when compared with the Controls. Impact values were lower than normal values in the TMD Initial Group and restored upon installation of the splint. The resilient occlusal splints may be used as complementary or adjunctive treatment of temporomandibular disorders.


. 2011 Jul;29(3):178-86. doi: 10.1179/crn.2011.026.

Bruxism and Temporal Bone Hypermobility in Patients With Multiple Sclerosis
David E Williams 1, John E Lynch, Vidhi Doshi, G Dave Singh, Alan R Hargens
Affiliations expand
PMID: 22586826 DOI: 10.1179/crn.2011.026
In this study, the authors investigated the link between jaw clenching/bruxism and temporal bone movement associated with multiple sclerosis (MS). Twenty-one subjects participated in this study (10 patients with MS and 11 controls). To quantify the change in intracranial dimension between the endocranial surfaces of the temporal bones during jaw clenching, an ultrasonic pulsed phase locked loop (PPLL) device was used. A sustained jaw clenching force of 100 lbs was used to measure the mean change in acoustic pathlength (delta L) as the measure of intracranial distance. In the control subjects the mean delta L was 0.27 mm +/- 0.24. In subjects with MS the mean delta L was 1.71 mm +/- 1.18 (p<0.001). The increase in magnitude of bi-temporal bone intracranial expansion was approximately six times greater in subjects with MS compared to controls. Therefore, jaw clenching/bruxism is associated with more marked displacement of the temporal bones and expansion of the cranial cavity in patients with MS than in control subjects.


Hum Brain Mapp
. 2012 Dec;33(12):2984-93. doi: 10.1002/hbm.21466. Epub 2011 Nov 18.
The Cerebral Representation of Temporomandibular Joint Occlusion and Its Alternation by Occlusal Splints

Martin Lotze 1, Christian Lucas, Martin Domin, Bernd Kordass
Affiliations expand
PMID: 22102437 DOI: 10.1002/hbm.21466
Occlusal splints are a common and effective therapy for temporomandibular joint disorder. Latest hypotheses on the impact of occlusal splints suggest an altered cerebral control on the occlusion movements after using a splint. However, the impact of using a splint during chewing on its cerebral representation is quite unknown. We used functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) to investigate brain activities during occlusal function in centric occlusion on natural teeth or on occlusal splints in fifteen healthy subjects. Comparisons between conditions revealed an increased activation for the bilateral occlusion without a splint in bilateral primary and secondary sensorimotor areas, the putamen, inferior parietal and prefrontal cortex (left dorsal and bilateral orbital) and anterior insular. In contrast, using a splint increased activation in the bilateral prefrontal lobe (bilateral BA 10), bilateral temporo-parietal (BA 39), occipital and cerebellar hemispheres. An additionally applied individually based evaluation of representation sites in regions of interest demonstrated that the somatotopic representation for both conditions in the pre- and postcentral gyri did not significantly differ. Furthermore, this analysis confirmed the decreasing effect of the splint on bilateral primary and secondary motor and somatosensory cortical activation. In contrast to the decreasing effect on sensorimotor areas, an increased level of activity in the fronto-parieto-occipital and cerebellar network might be associated with the therapeutic effect of occlusal splints.

Touch—More Than a Basic Science

Mitchell L. Elkiss, DO; John A. Jerome, PhD
Author Notes
The Journal of the American Osteopathic Association, August 2012, Vol. 112, 514-517.

The potency of touch in osteopathic manipulative treatment (OMT) is physically realized within the musculoskeletal, immune, nervous, and endocrine systems. Psychologically, touch supports a verbal and tactile interaction that is both diagnostic and therapeutic. Touch is a 2-way street that adds meaning and depth to the patient-physician experience. The relationship between touching and being touched offers a potentially powerful and intense deepening of the patient-physician relationship that emerges within the palpatory examination and treatment. Empathic communication, through word or deed, allows a therapeutic, synchronized healing to occur. In the present article, the authors provide a rationale to sensitize and invigorate osteopathic physicians to routinely evaluate and treat patients using their skillful touch.

 Figure 1.
The musculoskeletal, immune, nervous, and endocrine (MINE) systems interact in response to low-threshold mechanical stimulation, which is perceived as touch, and to nociceptive input, which is perceived as pain. Dysregulation in the MINE systems, expressed through the musculoskeletal system as somatic dysfunction, can be diagnosed during palpatory examination. Reprinted with permission from Lippincott Williams & Wilkins.15


Asymmetric nasomaxillary expansion induced by tooth‐bone‐borne expander producing differential craniofacial changes

Kyung‐A Kim Song‐Hee Oh Byoung‐Ho Kim Su‐Jung Kim
First published:07 May 2019
Read the full text
To evaluate three‐dimensional (3D) craniofacial changes induced by a non‐surgical tooth‐bone‐borne rapid palatal expander (TBB‐RPE) according to the symmetrical pattern of expansion, to investigate the 3D changes between the sides in patients with asymmetric expansion, and to identify the related factors of asymmetric expansion.

Setting and sample population
Sixty‐six patients (mean age: 19.3 ± 5.7 years) treated with TBB‐RPE were divided into a symmetric expansion group (Group S, n = 46) or asymmetric expansion group (Group A, n = 20). Group S was subdivided into Group Ss (n = 27), with bilateral frontomaxillary suture (FMS) split, and Group Sn (n = 19), with no FMS split.

Materials and methods
Pre‐ and post‐expansion cone‐beam computed tomography images were superimposed, and the common coordinated system was set. All landmarks were designated as coordinate pairs, and treatment changes were automatically calculated. Analysis of variance was conducted for intergroup comparison of craniofacial changes, and logistic regression analysis was performed to identify the related factors of asymmetric expansion.

The frequency of asymmetric expansion was 30.3%. Group A with unilateral FMS split showed less craniofacial changes than Group Ss and more changes than Group Sn. Group A exhibited different nasomaxillary displacement between the two halves, showing greater changes in the FMS‐split side. Among the tested six variables (age, gender, Angle's classification, unilateral crossbite, maxillary cant and chin deviation), chin deviation was uniquely associated with asymmetric expansion.

Tooth‐bone‐borne rapid palatal expander had a risk of asymmetric expansion, especially in facial asymmetric patients with chin deviation, producing different craniofacial changes from symmetric expansion.


Eur J Radiol
. 2004 Sep;51(3):269-73. doi: 10.1016/S0720-048X(03)00218-3.
Relationship of Condylar Position to Disc Position and Morphology
L Incesu 1, N Taşkaya-Yilmaz, M Oğütcen-Toller, E Uzun
Affiliations expand
PMID: 15294336 DOI: 10.1016/S0720-048X(03)00218-3
Introduction/objective: The purpose of this study was to assess whether condylar position, as depicted by magnetic resonance imaging, was an indicator of disc morphology and position.

Methods and material: One hundred and twenty two TMJs of 61 patients with temporomandibular joint disorder were examined. Condylar position, disc deformity and degree of anterior disc displacement were evaluated by using magnetic resonance imaging.

Results and discussion: Posterior condyle position was found to be the main feature of temporomandibular joints with slight and moderate anterior disc displacement. No statistical significance was found between the condylar position, and reducing and nonreducing disc positions. On the other hand, superior disc position was found to be statistically significant for centric condylar position.

Conclusion: It was concluded that posterior condyle position could indicate anterior disc displacement whereas there was no relation between the position of condyle and the disc deformity.


#tmjd #tmj disc #tmj click #lockjaw #tmj pain #nonsurgical facial asymmetry #tic disorder #tourette syndrome #dystonia #torticollis #trigeminal neuralgia #wryneck #parkinson’s disease #disc #headache #autoimmune disease #fibromyalgia #sleep apnea #dizziness #vertigo #migrain #watery eye #astigmatism #ringing the ear #tinnitus #otitis #mastoiditis #allergy #meniere's disease #proprioceptive dysfunctions #ataxia #labyrinthitis #condilo arthrosis #ATM dysfunctions #trigeminal pain #nasal breathing obstruction #sinusitis #asthma #obstructive apnea #mouth breathing #phonatory problems #swallowing problems #lump in the throat feeli